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Pemberton's Headquarters is the building that Confederate Lt. General John C. Pemberton occupied during the siege of the city of Vicksburg, led by Union Major General Ulysses S. Grant from May 23 to July 4, 1863. It was in this building that Pemberton held a council of his chief officers on July 3, 1863 to discuss plans for surrender of the city, which occurred the following day. The campaign for Vicksburg is consiered by many military historians to have been the most critical campaign of the Civil War, as it severed the Confederacy geographically and cut vital supply lines to the Confederate states and thus was pivotal in bring about the Confederacy's defeat.
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