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Tammy Wynette was born on May 5, 1942, at her maternal grandfather’s Itawamba County farmhouse. Her father died before she was a year old, leaving musical instruments that Wynette later learned to play. Raised on her grandparents’ farm, she became, by the age of twelve, a fan of the Grand Ole Opry broadcasts and played guitar, piano, organ, and flute. She also sang in the church choir and performed in a local gospel and country trio. Though she was an all-star basketball player in high school, Wynette's grandfather saw to it that she also worked from time to time picking cotton on the farm. In 1959, before graduating, Wynette married Euple Byrd, and the young couple had three children. Financially strapped, they moved frequently; Wynette attended beautician school and was an after-hours waitress and singer in Memphis. By 1965 the couple was divorced.
In Birmingham, Alabama, Wynette worked as a beautician and sang on the local “Country Boy Eddie” television show and at other venues . In 1966, she took her three children and headed to Nashville, where she was soon performing–sometimes with her second husband, Don Chapel–but with little professional recognition . After she was turned down by a succession of recording companies, producer Billy Sherrill at Epic Records saw her potential and recorded her singing Johnny Paycheck’s “Apartment No. 9.”
The record, bearing her new stage name, Tammy Wynette, did well, and the follow-up, “Your Good Girl’s Gonna Go Bad,” was a top ten hit. “My Elusive Dreams,” a duet with David Houston, was her first number one hit in 1967 and proved the beginning of a run of hits including country classics “Stand By Your Man,” “D-I-V-O-R-C-E,” and “I Don’t Want to Play House.” During the decade that followed, Wynette and her colleague Loretta Lynn ruled the country charts and set a new standard for stardom for women in the field.
Wynette married honky tonk legend George Jones in 1969, and they had one daughter, Tamala Georgette. Wynette’s life dramas became the stuff of headlines; though the famous couple recorded a series of popular duet albums, they divorced in 1975. She found stability when she married songwriter George Richey in 1978, but her health had begun to fail. She died in April 1998. Only a few months later she was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame, leaving a legacy as one of country music’s greatest vocalists.
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